Establishment of the “Entrepreneurial Investment Fund” from the Iraq Development Fund and the management by the private sector Ahmed Rafea Amidst the evolving economic landscape and the urgent need to address unemployment, Iraq stands at a critical juncture. The main focus of our policy report revolves around a pivotal proposal: redirecting a portion of the currently underutilized public investment budget across various government sectors towards bolstering the private sector. This strategic reallocation, aligned with the…

Poverty and the Food Ration Card: Analysis of Impact and Future Challenges

Poverty and the Food Ration Card: Analysis of Impact and Future Challenges

Poverty and the Food Ration Card: Analysis of Impact and Future Challenges Alaa Hilal The food ration card system is one of the largest public distribution systems in the world. Initially, it covered all Iraqi citizens regardless of their specific circumstances and living conditions. Over the years, since its implementation in 1990 until today, this system has evolved through accumulated experience. It no longer includes all Iraqis but rather most of them, excluding employees in…

Developing the private sector and maximizing non-oil revenues: Between the curriculum and the budget

Developing the private sector and maximizing non-oil revenues: Between the curriculum and the budget

Developing the private sector and maximizing non-oil revenues: Between the curriculum and the budget Khaled Al-Saadi The Iraqi economy’s heavy reliance on oil revenues poses a significant challenge, necessitating serious consideration by the Iraqi government about diversifying revenue sources. Therefore, it needs a vital strategic direction to maximize the utilization of the private sector and its development to enhance its role as an engine of the national economy and reduce reliance on oil. Click here…

Poverty and Social Welfare: Building a Comprehensive System to Reduce Poverty and Enhance Well-being

Poverty and Social Welfare: Building a Comprehensive System to Reduce Poverty and Enhance Well-being

Poverty and Social Welfare: Building a Comprehensive System to Reduce Poverty and Enhance Well-being Zahraa Ibrahim Poverty is witnessing a significant evolution in our present time, as it is considered a global problem with socio-economic ramifications and multidimensional political implications. It has impacts on human life in health, social, and educational aspects. The phenomenon of poverty has emerged in Iraq since the 1990s due to internal and external wars, as well as the economic blockade…

Traffic congestion in the capital Baghdad

Traffic congestion in the capital Baghdad

Traffic congestion in the capital Baghdad Shabir Abdul Wahab Baghdad city suffers from daily traffic congestion, which has become a worsening problem with negative effects on social life and daily activities. Most of the main roads and intersections suffer from traffic operation failure and high delay times, sometimes leading to a state of complete paralysis. The problem is not limited to peak morning and evening hours but has become continuous throughout the day, lasting up…

Government efforts and opportunities to combat corruption in Iraq

Government efforts and opportunities to combat corruption in Iraq

Government efforts and opportunities to combat corruption in Iraq Aqeel Qasim The phenomenon of corruption has become one of the biggest challenges facing the world, hindering all efforts to achieve political and economic stability due to its negative and dangerous impacts on countries. Governments, in their various authorities, seek to combat and reduce corruption by developing appropriate and effective mechanisms and tools to eliminate it. This can only be achieved through the implementation of effective…

Calculating Compensation for Ministry of Health Employees and the Impact of Central Appointments to Medical Colleges in Inflation

Calculating Compensation for Ministry of Health Employees and the Impact of Central Appointments to Medical Colleges in Inflation

Calculating Compensation for Ministry of Health Employees and the Impact of Central Appointments to Medical Colleges in Inflation Mustafa Mohammed Due to the significant increase in graduates in the medical group specialties in the past decade, especially in the final years, and the large number of government and private medical colleges across Iraq, which has exceeded 60 colleges, there has been a challenge in absorbing these graduates into the healthcare sector. This is because Iraq…

Analysis of Employee Compensation Expenses in the Federal General Budget: Balancing Allocation Efficiency and Distribution

Analysis of Employee Compensation Expenses in the Federal General Budget: Balancing Allocation Efficiency and Distribution

Analysis of Employee Compensation Expenses in the Federal General Budget: Balancing Allocation Efficiency and Distribution Mohammed Hashem There is a growing interest in the issue of public spending priorities during times of financial and economic crises. When constraints on the general budget increase and financial markets struggle to provide the necessary liquidity channels, along with the focus on enhancing the efficiency and productivity of public spending by reducing wasteful spending and allocating it among various…

Social Welfare in Iraq: Budget Allocations and Government Measures

Social Welfare in Iraq: Budget Allocations and Government Measures

Social Welfare in Iraq: Budget Allocations and Government Measures Abdullah Ali Social welfare is one of the fundamental aspects of achieving social justice and improving the standard of living for citizens. Issues of social welfare have gained significant importance in Iraq, especially after the difficult circumstances the country has faced following conflicts and security disturbances. The primary challenge facing the Iraqi government is allocating sufficient financial resources to support and enhance social welfare. The impact…

Federal Budget (2023-2023) and Its Reflection of the Government Program

Federal Budget (2023-2023) and Its Reflection of the Government Program

The Federal budget reflects the priorities of the government and provides an indicator of the extent to which the government is committed to implementing its governmental program, especially concerning health, security and defense, economic development, the environment, education, social welfare, job creation, and other priority areas. Monitoring the government’s implementation of these issues and the impact of spending on them constitutes a form of oversight, whether by governmental or non-governmental institutions. Click here to get…

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