Climate Change and Minorities in Iraq: Challenges and Adaptation Opportunities Morooj Mohammed Researcher and activist specializing in minority rights issues The researcher discusses the impact of climate change on religious minorities in specific regions of Iraq, where climate change has contributed to increased suffering and challenges they face, as most of them live in agricultural areas directly affected by climate change. It has also impacted their ability to practice their traditions. The researcher proposes a…

The Problem of the Developmental Viability of Small Projects and the Developmental Alternative

The Problem of the Developmental Viability of Small Projects and the Developmental Alternative

The Problem of the Developmental Viability of Small Projects and the Developmental Alternative Dr. Hamed Raheem Economic Development and Reform Specialist The paper aims to outline the magnitude of financial resources directed towards the policy of supporting small economic projects after the year of political change, and to illustrate the outcomes of these financial resources. Additionally, it proposes an alternative policy in light of developmental economic theory that aligns with prevailing objective factors. This alternative…

Regulating Subsidies of fuel to Rationalize Consumption

Regulating Subsidies of fuel to Rationalize Consumption

Regulating Subsidies of fuel to Rationalize Consumption Hayder Al-Khafaji The paper proposes alternative policies, such as lifting the fuel subsidy without harming the poor or lower-middle-class, which would help reduce consumption and smuggling, leading to reduced imports and state losses due to unregulated subsidies, saving more than 7 trillion Iraqi dinars annually. The funds saved can be invested in building a refinery of the same size as the Karbala refinery, capable of meeting local demand…

Sovereign Wealth Fund: The Path towards Stability and Growth

Sovereign Wealth Fund: The Path towards Stability and Growth

Sovereign Wealth Fund: The Path towards Stability and Growth Ali Al-Tamimi This paper proposes policy alternatives, specifically the establishment of a Sovereign Wealth Fund. This fund would reduce the dependence on oil as the main source of budget financing, stimulate the economy in the medium and long term, and diversify the economy by investing in neglected sectors such as industry and agriculture. Additionally, it would significantly reduce the use of public funds for political purposes…

Forests for Climate Change Mitigation: A Case Study of Basra

Forests for Climate Change Mitigation: A Case Study of Basra

Forests for Climate Change Mitigation: A Case Study of Basra Murtada Al_Toblani This paper proposes a policy alternative in the form of a program called “Forests, Green Spaces, and Nature Reserves,” which involves planting extensive areas of land in various locations in the Basra Governorate. This program aims to reduce pollution, lower emissions, and positively impact community and mental health. The “Revive Mesopotamia” project, as part of this program, is based on nine objective steps…

Environmental Security Law as a Solution to Desertification Problem

Environmental Security Law as a Solution to Desertification Problem

Environmental Security Law as a Solution to Desertification Problem Mohammed Al-Hakeem This paper proposes a range of solutions, alternatives, and recommendations related to legal legislation or practical measures by relevant authorities in the fields of environment, climate, and agriculture. These measures aim to develop appropriate strategies and plans to overcome the impacts of climate change and reduce its adverse effects, including food scarcity and threats to water security in Iraq. Click here to get the…

Using the Mixed Electoral System to Ensure Party Balance and Increase Independent Candidates’ Chances

Using the Mixed Electoral System to Ensure Party Balance and Increase Independent Candidates’ Chances

Using the Mixed Electoral System to Ensure Party Balance and Increase Independent Candidates’ Chances Ali Mubarak The paper highlights the drawbacks of each electoral system. The issue with the Modified Sainte-Laguë system and its modifications lies in the electoral threshold. In contrast, the multi-district system reduces choices for voters and decreases competition for candidates in smaller districts, limiting the opportunities for candidates with broader regional support,beyond just a specific electoral district. This system tends to…

Women Quotas an Assurance of Equality in Public Institutions

Women Quotas an Assurance of Equality in Public Institutions

Women Quotas an Assurance of Equality in Public Institutions Saraj Ali   This paper proposes several policy alternatives to address discrimination in Iraq’s public institutions, including a quota system, which involves setting a minimum percentage of women in leadership and administrative positions. This system has been implemented in many countries, such as Rwanda. Additionally, it suggests awareness and training programs aimed at increasing awareness about discrimination and providing training to employees on how to prevent…

The electoral environment and party work in Iraq: Challenges and Solutions

The electoral environment and party work in Iraq: Challenges and Solutions

The electoral environment and party work in Iraq: Challenges and Solutions Dr. Abdul Aziz Aliwi Al-Essaoui An academic specializing in electoral affairs and democratic studies 17/4/2024   This paper aims to review the relationship between the electoral environment and party work in Iraq over the past two decades. It does so by presenting the reality of this relationship and clarifying the most important aspects through which the nature of the electoral environment in Iraq can…

Restructuring Central Markets: A Necessity to Protect the Iraqi Market

Restructuring Central Markets: A Necessity to Protect the Iraqi Market

Iraq has been facing an unstable economic situation due to its heavy reliance on oil in implementing its financial Iraq annual budgets. This reliance exposes its economy to periodic crises, necessitating the search for policy alternatives to alleviate these crises. Before 2003, Iraq had multiple institutions responsible for ensuring food security and economic stability, including the Ministry of Trade. This ministry managed Iraq’s domestic and international trade, distributed items for the ration card system, and…

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